Klasemen Kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2026 usai Indonesia Tekuk Filipina 2-0

Jakarta – Kemenangan atas Filipina memastikan Indonesia melaju ke putaran ketiga Kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2026 zona Asia. Garuda lolos sebagai runner-up Grup F di bawah Irak.
Bermain di Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno, Selasa (11/6/2024), skuad asuhan Shin Tae-yong menang 2-0 berkat gol tembakan jarak jauh Thom Haye pada menit ke-32 dan sundulan Rizky Ridho pada menit ke-56.

Tambahan 3 poin membuat Indonesia finis di posisi dua klasemen Grup F dengan 10 poin dari enam laga, hasil tiga kemenangan dari sekali seri. Posisi Merah Putih takkan bisa disalip Vietnam yang baru meraih 6 poin dari lima laga, terlepas hasil mereka melawan Irak yang akan digelar Rabu (12/6) pukul 01.00 WIB.

Indonesia akan menjalani putaran ketiga pada September 2024 – Juni 2025. 18 negara yang lolos dibagi ke dalam tiga grup, masing-masing berisi enam tim. Dua tim teratas lolos langsung ke Piala Dunia, sedangkan peringkat 3-4 akan menjalani putaran empat untuk memperebutkan sisa dua tiket langsung.

Keberhasilan menapak ke putaran tiga juga memastikan Indonesia lolos langsung ke Piala Asia 2027 yang akan digelar di Arab Saudi. Sedangkan Vietnam dan Filipina yang tersisih dari Kualifikasi Piala Dunia akan beralih mengikuti putaran ketiga Kualifikasi Piala Asia demi raih sisa enam tiket yang tersedia.

Klasemen Grup F usai Indonesia mengalahkan Filipina 2-0


Israeli tanks reach central Rafah as strikes continue

Rushdi Abu Alouf,David GrittenShare

Reuters A man and a young boy walk among ruins in Rafah

Israeli forces have reportedly reached the centre of the southern Gaza city of Rafah and seized a strategically important hill overlooking the nearby border with Egypt.

Witnesses and local journalists said tanks were stationed at al-Awda roundabout, which is considered a key landmark.

They also said tanks were on Zoroub Hill, effectively giving Israel control of the Philadelphi Corridor – a narrow strip of land running along the border to the sea.

The Israeli military said its troops were continuing activities against “terror targets” in Rafah, three weeks after it launched the ground operation there.

Western areas of the city also came under intense bombardment overnight, residents said, despite international condemnation of an Israeli air strike and a resulting fire on Sunday that killed dozens of Palestinians at a tented camp for displaced people.

The Israeli military said it was investigating the possibility that the fire was caused by the explosion of weapons stored by Hamas in the vicinity.

It also denied reports from local health and emergency services officials on Tuesday afternoon that tank shells had hit another camp in al-Mawasi, on the coast west of Rafah, killing at least 21 people.

Reuters news agency cited local health officials as saying the blast occurred after Israeli tank shells hit a cluster of tents in al-Mawasi on Tuesday. An official in the Hamas-run civil defence force also told AFP there had been a deadly Israeli strike on tents.

Videos posted to social media and analysed by BBC Verify showed multiple people with serious injuries, some lying motionless on the ground, near tents and other temporary structures.

There was no clear sign of a blast zone or crater, making it impossible to ascertain the cause of the incident. The location – verified through reference to surrounding buildings – is between Rafah and al-Mawasi, and lies south of the IDF’s designated humanitarian zone.

The IDF said in a statement: “Contrary to the reports from the last few hours, the IDF did not strike in the humanitarian area in al-Mawasi.”

Israel has insisted that victory in its seven-month war with Hamas in Gaza is impossible without taking Rafah and rejected warnings that it could have catastrophic humanitarian consequences.

The UN says around a million people have now fled the fighting in Rafah, but several hundred thousand more could still be sheltering there.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) began what they called “targeted” ground operations against Hamas fighters and infrastructure in the east of Rafah on 6 May.

Since then, tanks and troops have gradually pushed into built-up eastern and central areas while also moving northwards along the 13km (8-mile) border with Egypt.

On Tuesday, they reportedly reached the city centre for the first time.

The al-Awda roundabout, which is only 800m (2,600 ft) from the border, is the location of major banks, government institutions, businesses, and shops.

One witness said they saw soldiers position themselves at the top of a building overlooking the roundabout and then begin to shoot at anyone who was moving.

Video posted online meanwhile showed tank track marks on a road about 3km west of al-Awda roundabout and 300m from the Indonesian field hospital, which was damaged overnight.

Reuters A Palestinian girl sits on top of possessions being transported by a cart in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip (28 May 2024)
The UN says around a million people have fled Rafah since the start of the Israeli ground operation in the city

Earlier, residents told the BBC that tanks seized Zoroub Hill, about 2.5km north-west of al-Awda roundabout, after gun battles with Hamas-led fighters.

The hill is highest point along the Egyptian border and its seizure means the entire Gazan side of the border is now effectively under Israeli control.

Zoroub Hill also overlooks western Rafah, where residents said there had been the heaviest air and artillery strikes overnight since the start of the Israeli operation.

A local journalist said the bombardment forced hundreds of families to seek temporary shelter in the courtyard of a hospital, while ambulances struggled to reach casualties in the affected areas.

At dawn, thousands of people were seen heading north, crammed into cars and lorries and onto carts pulled by donkeys and horses.

“The explosions are rattling our tent, my children are frightened, and my sick father makes it impossible for us to escape the darkness,” resident Khaled Mahmoud told the BBC.

“We are supposed to be in a safe zone according to the Israeli army, yet we have not received evacuation orders like those in the eastern [Rafah] region,” he added. “We fear for our lives if no-one steps in to protect us.

The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) did not comment on the various reports but put out a statement saying that “overnight troops operated on the Philadelphi Corridor while conducting precise operational activity based on intelligence indicating the presence of terror targets in the area”.

“The activity is being conducted as efforts are continuing to be made in order to prevent harm to uninvolved civilians in the area,” it added.

“The troops are engaging with terrorists in close-quarters combat and locating terror tunnel shafts, weapons, and additional terrorist infrastructure in the area.”

The IDF has told civilians in eastern Rafah to evacuate for their own safety to an “expanded humanitarian area” stretching from al-Mawasi, a coastal area just north of Rafah, to the central town of Deir al-Balah.

EPA A Palestinian woman reacts next to tents destroyed by a fire triggered by an Israeli air strike in western Rafah on Sunday, in the southern Gaza Strip (28 May 2024)
Israel’s prime minister said the killing of civilians in an air strike and resulting fire in Rafah on Sunday was a “tragedy”

On Sunday night, at least 45 people – more than half of them children, women and the elderly – were killed when an Israeli air strike triggered a huge fire in a camp for displaced people near a UN logistics base in the Tal al-Sultan area, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.

Hundreds more were treated for severe burns, fractures and shrapnel wounds.

The IDF said it was targeting two senior Hamas officials in the attack, which happened hours after Hamas fighters in south-eastern Rafah launched rockets towards the Israeli city of Tel Aviv for the first time in months.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said a “tragic incident” had occurred “despite our immense efforts to avoid harming non-combatants” and promised a thorough investigation.

IDF chief spokesman Rear Admiral Daniel Hagari said on Tuesday that the strike had targeted a structure used by the Hamas commanders which was away from any tents, using “two munitions with small warheads”.

“Following this strike, a large fire ignited for reasons that are still being investigated. Our munitions alone could not have ignited a fire of this size,” he said.

Rear Adm Hagari added that investigators were looking into the possibility that the fire was caused by the explosion of weapons or ammunition stored in a nearby structure, and played what he said was an intercepted telephone conversation between two Gazans suggesting that. The audio recording could not immediately be verified.

Sam Rose of the UN agency for Palestinian refugees, Unrwa, told the BBC from western Rafah that the killing of so many civilians could not be dismissed as an accident.

“Gaza was already one of the most overcrowded places on the planet. It is absolutely impossible to prosecute a military campaign involving large-scale munitions, strikes from the sky, the sea, the tanks, without exacting large-scale civilian casualties,” he said.

“It seems like we are plumbing new depths of horror, bloodshed and brutality with every single day. And if this isn’t a wake-up call, then it’s hard to see what will be.”

Last week, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ordered Israel to “immediately halt its military offensive, and any other action in the Rafah Governorate, which may inflict on the Palestinian group in Gaza conditions of life that could bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part”.

Israel launched a military campaign in Gaza to destroy Hamas in response to the group’s cross-border attack on southern Israel on 7 October, during which about 1,200 people were killed and 252 others were taken hostage.

At least 36,090 people have been killed in Gaza since then, according to the Hamas-run health ministry.

Russian plot to kill Zelensky foiled, Kyiv says

Telegram/SBU Footage shows a man being arrested
Ukraine said it arrested two Ukrainian officials who worked with the Russian security services

The Ukrainian security service (SBU) says it has foiled a Russian plot to assassinate President Volodymyr Zelensky and other high-ranking Ukrainian officials.

Two Ukrainian government protection unit colonels have been arrested.

The SBU said they were part of a network of agents belonging to the Russian state security service (FSB).

They had reportedly been searching for willing “executors” among Mr Zelensky’s bodyguards to kidnap and kill him.

Ever since Russian paratroopers attempted to land in Kyiv and assassinate President Zelensky in the early hours and days of the full-scale invasion, plots to assassinate him have been commonplace.

The Ukrainian leader said at the start of the invasion he was Russia’s “number one target”.

But this alleged plot stands out from the rest. It involves serving colonels, whose job it was to keep officials and institutions safe, allegedly hired as moles.

Other targets included military intelligence head Kyrylo Budanov and SBU chief Vasyl Malyuk, the agency added.

The group had reportedly planned to kill Mr Budanov before Orthodox Easter, which this year fell on 5 May.

According to the SBU, the plotters had aimed to use a mole to get information about his location, which they would then have attacked with rockets, drones and anti-tank grenades.

One of the officers who was later arrested had already bought drones and anti-personnel mines, the SBU said.

Telegram/SBU An anti-tank grenade
The SBU said it found various ordnance, including an anti-tank grenade, on the plotters

SBU head Vasyl Malyuk said the attack was supposed to be “a gift to Putin before the inauguration” – referring to Russia’s Vladimir Putin who was sworn in for a fifth term as president at the Kremlin on Tuesday.

The operation turned into a failure of the Russian special services, Mr Malyuk said.

“But we must not forget – the enemy is strong and experienced, he cannot be underestimated,” he added.

The two Ukrainian officials are being held on suspicion of treason and of preparing a terrorist act.

The SBU said three FSB employees oversaw the organisation and the attack.

One of them, named as Dmytro Perlin, had been recruiting “moles” since before Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.

Another FSB employee, Oleksiy Kornev, reportedly held “conspiratorial” meetings “in neighbouring European states” before the invasion with one of the Ukrainian colonels arrested.

In a released interrogation with one of the suspects, they can be heard describing how they were paid thousands of dollars directly by parcels or indirectly through their relatives. It is not clear whether he was speaking under duress or not.

Investigators insist they monitored the men throughout. We are unlikely to know how close they came to carrying out their alleged plan.

The plot may read like a thriller but it is also a reminder of the risks Ukraine’s wartime leader faces.

Last month, a Polish man was arrested and charged with planning to co-operate with Russian intelligence services to aid a possible assassination of Mr Zelensky.

At the weekend Ukraine’s president appeared on the Russian interior ministry’s wanted list on unspecified charges.

The foreign ministry in Kyiv condemned the move as showing “the desperation of the Russian state machine and propaganda”, and pointed out that the International Criminal Court had issued a warrant for Vladimir Putin’s arrest.


Bruises and broken ribs – Palestinian deaths in Israeli prisons

Supplied Abdulrahman MariAbdulrahman Mari died in an Israeli prison after 7 October

A few days after Hamas attacked Israel and war erupted in Gaza, Umm Mohamed in the occupied West Bank received a telephone call from her son in an Israeli prison.

“Pray for me mum,” Abdulrahman Mari said. “Things are getting harder here. They might not let me speak to you again”.

It would be the last time she heard his voice.

Conditions deteriorated for Palestinian prisoners in Israel after 7 October last year, when Hamas mounted its deadly assault on Israeli communities near the Gaza Strip, according to the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority’s (PA) Commission of Detainees Affairs.

Thirteen Palestinian prisoners have since died in Israeli prisons, “the majority of them as a result of beating or denial of medication”, the commission’s head, Qadoura Fares, told the BBC.

Abdulrahman was one of the first to die.

A carpenter in the village of Qarawat Bani Hassan, he had been on his way back home from work in Ramallah in February last year when he was arrested at a mobile checkpoint. He was taken into administrative detention – under which Israel can hold people indefinitely without charge – in Megiddo prison.

His brother Ibrahim said the charges against him were minor, such as taking part in protests and possessing a firearm, but said he was also accused of belonging to Hamas although there were no specific charges about any activities within the group.

Ibrahim is still trying to piece together how exactly his brother died. He has to rely on testimony from Abdulrahman’s former cellmates, as well as reports from court hearings.

One former cellmate, who spoke to the BBC on condition of anonymity, said: “After 7 October, it was total torture. They beat us for no reason, they searched us for no reason. Even if you look at someone the wrong way.”

He described having seen Abdulrahman heavily beaten in front of him and others.

“At 9am, they came into our cell, and began to beat us. One of the guards began to insult Abdulrahman’s parents, which he didn’t stand for, and he began to fight back.

“They beat him badly, and took him away to another cell upstairs for a week. During that time you could hear him crying out in pain.”

He said he had only found out about Abdulrahman’s death after he left prison a week later.

The Israeli prison service did not directly address the BBC’s questions about Abdulrahman’s death or those of the 12 other named Palestinians that the Commission of Detainees Affairs says have died, saying only: “We are not familiar with the claims described and as far as we know they are not true.”

Getty Images israeli vehicles in Balata in the west bankGetty ImagesIsrael has detained thousands of West Bank Palestinians since 7 October

Professor Danny Rosin, a doctor from the group Physicians for Human Rights, attended the examination of Abdulrahman Mari’s body. His remarks corroborate what Abdulrahman’s cellmate and brother told the BBC.

Prof Rosin’s report mentioned that bruises had been seen over Abdulrahman’s left chest, and that he had several broken ribs. External bruises were also seen on the back, buttocks, left arm and thigh, as well as the right side of the head and neck with no fractures underneath.

It also quoted an additional police report which had mentioned “forceful restraint” being used on Mr Mari six days before his death.

Professor Rosin said in the report that while no specific cause of death had been found, “one may assume that the violence he suffered manifested by the multiple bruises and multiple severe rib fractures contributed to his death”.

He also added that “irregular pulse” or a “heart attack” could result from these injuries without leaving any physical evidence.

Israel currently holds more than 9,300 security prisoners, the vast majority of whom are Palestinians according to the Israeli rights group HaMoked, including more than 3,600 people in administrative detention.

These figures do not include detainees from the Gaza Strip being held in separate facilities by the Israeli military.

Mr Qadoura says the change after 7 October “affected every aspect of the prisoners’ lives”, alleging that prisoners have been subjected to starvation and thirst and some of those with chronic illnesses were denied their medication. Beatings became more regular and more brutal.

“I met a detainee who’d lost 20kg in the last three months,” he said.

“It’s as if the war on Gaza was also a war on Palestinian prisoners. It was all a form of revenge.”

Yasser Hamdan and a pic of his son

Arafat Hamdan was dead within two days of his arrest

The BBC has previously heard from Palestinian prisoners who described being hit with sticks, having muzzled dogs set on them and having their clothes, food and blankets taken away in the weeks after 7 October.

The Israeli prison service has denied any mistreatment, saying that “all prisoners are held in accordance with the law while respecting their basic rights and under the supervision of a professional and skilled prison staff”.

It said prisons had gone into “emergency mode” after war broke out and it had been “decided to reduce the living conditions of the security prisoners”. Examples it gave included removing electrical equipment and cutting electricity to cells and reducing prisoners’ activities in the wings.

In the West Bank village of Beit Sira, Arafat Hamdan’s father showed where Israeli police officers had kicked the door of his family home and stormed in at 04:00 on 22 October looking for his son.

Police covered his son’s face with a thick black cloth and closed it around his neck with a rope. The mask smelled strongly, he said, and Arafat clearly had a hard time breathing with it on.

“I kept trying to comfort him.” Yasser Hamdan told the BBC. “It’s ok. They have nothing against you. They have nothing against us. I kept telling him that as they tied him up outside the house. Then they took him.”

Two days later a phone call came. Arafat had been found dead in his cell in Ofer prison in the West Bank.

Israeli authorities have not explained how he died. Arafat had Type 1 diabetes and would suffer from low blood sugar levels from time to time.

His father said one of the police officers arresting Arafat had told him to bring medicine with him, but it was unclear if he had been able to.

The BBC obtained a report by Dr Daniel Solomon, a surgeon who was present at the post mortem of Arafat Hamdan at the request of Physicians for Human Rights.

Dr Solomon said it had been carried out in Israel on 31 October but added that the condition of the body, due to prolonged refrigeration, had made it harder to determine the cause of death.

He also noted the absence of any records showing if Arafat’s diabetes medication had been administered and at what dosing.

The report also mentioned the need for other tests beyond the post mortem to determine the cause of death.

“Until now we don’t know how he died. Nothing is clear.” Yasser Hamdan said.

Umm Mohamed

Umm Mohammed said Abdulrahman had become a leader of his group of prisoners before his death

Neither Arafat’s nor Abdulrahman’s bodies have yet been returned. Their families want to arrange their own post mortems, hold funerals, and say a final goodbye.

“He was my flesh and blood. Then he was gone in a moment,” Yasser Hamdan said. Photos of his son were everywhere you looked in his apartment.

Umm Mohamed showed photos of Abdulrahman on her phone, pointing to one and saying: “Look at him. He was so cheerful.”

Over time he had become a leader in his group of prisoners, she said.

“He’d call me when he was making breakfast for them when they were all still asleep. He was always the most active. He would never sit still, that boy.”

She broke down. “Bring him back to me. I want to see him one last time. One last look.”


Rahasia Finlandia Jadi Negara Paling Bahagia Selama 7 Tahun!


HELSINKI, UUSIMAA, FINLAND - 2022/05/15: People have a picnic in front of cherry blossoms during the Sakura festival. Every year in May, Sakura festival of Japanese culture takes place in Helsinki in Roihuvuori Cherry Park. (Photo by Takimoto Marina/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images) Foto: SOPA Images/LightRocket via Gett/SOPA Images

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Finlandia kembali menduduki peringkat pertama sebagai negara paling bahagia di dunia, menurut World Happiness Report 2024. Negara di Eropa bagian utara tersebut sudah konsisten selama tujuh tahun berturut-turut merajai daftar negara paling bahagia di Bumi.

Dalam laporan World Happiness Report 2024, Finlandia menduduki daftar 10 besar negara paling bahagia bersama empat negara Nordik lainnya, yakni Denmark (2), Islandia (3), Swedia (4), dan Norwegia (7).

Menurut profesor di University of Eastern Finland yang meneliti kesejahteraan masyarakat Finlandia, Arto O. Salonen, masyarakat Finlandia memperoleh kepuasan dengan menjalani kehidupan yang berkelanjutan. Mereka juga memandang bahwa kesuksesan adalah kemampuan mengidentifikasi dan memenuhi kebutuhan dasar.

“Dengan kata lain, ketika Anda tahu apa yang cukup, Anda bahagia” kata Salonen.

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Sementara itu, Kepala Eksekutif Finnish Design Shop, Teemu Kiiski (47) mengatakan bahwa kebahagiaan di Nordik adalah hal yang mendasar sehingga kebahagiaan dinilai sebagai kata yang “ringan”.

Menurut warga Turku, Finlandia ini, salah satu penyebab masyarakat Finlandia merasa aman, tenteram, dan tidak tersisih dari masyarakat adalah kualitas hidup yang tinggi dan berakar kuat pada sistem kesejahteraan negara tersebut.

Selain itu, Finlandia yang menyediakan pendanaan publik untuk pendidikan dan seni, termasuk hibah seniman individu, memberikan kebebasan kepada orang-orang untuk mengejar minat kreatif masyarakatnya.

“Hal ini juga yang memengaruhi jenis karya yang kami buat, karena kami tidak harus memikirkan nilai komersial dari seni. Jadi, apa yang dibuat oleh banyak seniman di sini sangat eksperimental,” ujar istri Kiiski, Hertta.

Mencapai kebahagiaan di Finlandia dinilai mudah karena pemerintahnya menjamin landasan kokoh untuk membangun kehidupan yang memuaskan dan masa depan yang menjanjikan. Namun, ekspektasi tersebut juga dapat menimbulkan tekanan untuk menjaga reputasi nasional.

Peneliti psikologi di Aalto University, Frank Martela, menyebutkan bahwa pencapaian tujuh tahun berturut-turut Finlandia dalam raport kebahagiaan dapat mulai memberikan tekanan pada masyarakat. Bahkan, memberikan dampak jangka panjang.

“Dalam hal ini, turun menjadi negara paling bahagia kedua bisa berdampak bagi kebahagiaan jangka panjang Finlandia,” ujar Martela.

Cara hidup orang Finlandia terangkum dalam “sisu”, yakni bagian sifat dari karakter nasional. Kata tersebut secara kasar diterjemahkan menjadi “tekad yang kuat dalam menghadapi kesulitan”, seperti musim dingin yang panjang. Bahkan dalam kondisi sulit, orang Finlandia diharapkan untuk bertahan hidup tanpa mengeluh.

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Rahasia Kebahagiaan Warga Finlandia

Profesor hukum dan pajak dari Aalto University, Timo Viherkenttä menilai ada dua faktor yang menjadi kontributor utama dalam kebahagiaan masyarakat Finlandia, yakni pendidikan dan kesehatan. Dua hal tersebut bisa terwujud berkat pajak mahak yang mereka bayar.

“Konsensus di masyarakat adalah meskipun penduduknya membayar pajak lebih tinggi, mereka juga mendapatkan banyak program sosial yang meningkatkan kesehatan, kebahagiaan, dan kualitas hidup yang lebih baik sebagai imbalannya. Program-program sosial yang didanai publik ini tersedia bagi semua orang, terlepas dari apakah Anda kaya atau miskin,” ujar Viherkenttä, dikutip dari laman resmi universitas.

“Saya pikir kesehatan adalah faktor utama dalam kebahagiaan. Di Finlandia selalu ada diskusi hangat mengenai cara meningkatkan sistem layanan kesehatan dan pendidikan – kami memprioritaskan inisiatif-inisiatif utama ini agar tidak ketinggalan,” jelas Viherkenttä.

Finlandia unggul dalam bidang pendidikan dibanding banyak negara lain di dunia. Dari sekolah dasar hingga perguruan tinggi dan universitas, seluruh sistem pendidikan di Finlandia adalah salah satu struktur sosial yang paling banyak didanai pemerintah. Namun, sebagian besar tetap gratis bagi masyarakatnya.

Lalu ada layanan kesehatan universal yang juga didanai pemerintah. Di negara ini, setiap warganya berhak mendapatkan layanan kesehatan secara gratis, meski ada juga beberapa layanan kesehatan berbayar untuk sejumlah kondisi khusus yang lebih serius, seperti konsultasi dengan dokter jantung dan sebagainya.

Pada prinsipnya, penduduk Finlandia tak masalah dengan kebijakan pajak tinggi karena uang yang mereka bayarkan dapat dinikmati dalam benefit layanan kesehatan dan pendidikan yang berkualitas, bahkan uang pensiun yang jelas terukur. Pajak di Finlandia jelas berkontribusi dalam menciptakan kehidupan yang berkualitas yang pada akhirnya membuat penduduknya bahagia.

Kondisi ini mungkin sulit ditemui di negara dengan jaminan sosial yang buruk dan tingkat korupsi tinggi. Di negara yang seperti itu, penduduknya cenderung menolak membayar pajak karena mereka skeptis uang tersebut akan ditilep oleh parahttps://belajarlahlagi.com/ koruptor.

Arab Imbau Jamaah Umrah Pakai Masker Selama Ramadan, Kenapa?


Jemaah haji melaksanakan tawaf ifadah di dekat Ka'Bah, Masjidil Haram, Makkah, Arab Saudi, Sabtu (1/7/2023). (AP Photo/Amr Nabil) Foto: Masjidil Haram, Makkah, Arab Saudi. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Arab Saudi kembali meminta para jamaah umrah untuk mengenakan masker. Imbauan ini dikeluarkan terkait kekhawatiran lonjakan kedatangan jemaah umrah di dua Masjid Suci, yakni Masjidil Haram dan Masjid Nabawi.

Pemakaian masker diberlakukan sebagai antisipasi demi menjaga kesehatan para jamaah saat puncak musim umrah selama bulan Ramadan.

Melansir Gulf News, Direktorat Keamanan Publik Arab Saudi mengatakan dalam postingan X bahwa memakai masker di Masjidil Haram di Mekah dan Masjid Nabawi di Madinah serta halamannya memberikan perlindungan dari penyakit menular bagi pemakainya dan orang lain.

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Pada bulan Ramadan, jamaah Muslim dari dalam dan luar Arab Saudi biasanya berbondong-bondong ke Masjidil Haram, tempat paling suci umat Islam, untuk melakukan umrah dan salat.

Untuk mengatasi gelombang jamaah yang diperkirakan akan terjadi, pihak berwenang Saudi telah meluncurkan serangkaian langkah untuk membantu jamaah melaksanakan ibadah dengan lancar dan nyaman.

Halaman masjid dan lantai dasar diperuntukkan bagi jamaah umrah selama Ramadan.

Demikian pula, pihak berwenang telah mengalokasikan gerbang tertentu di masjid-masjid yang luas tersebut sebagai tempat masuk dan keluarnya jamaah guna mencegah kepadatan yang berlebihan.

Selain itu, bus yang mengangkut jamaah tidak diberi akses ke area masjid. Sebaliknya, mereka berhenti di tempat parkir yang telah ditentukan untuk memperlancar lalu lintas dan menghindari kemacetan.

Setelah menunaikan umrah, banyak jamaah yang menuju ke Madinah untuk salat di Masjid Nabawi, tempat tersuci kedua umat Islam, dan mengunjungi tempat-tempat Islam lainnya di kota tersebut.

Pihak berwenang Saudi yang bertanggung jawab atas Masjid Nabawi mengatakan mereka siap melayani jamaah dalam jumlah besar di bulan Ramadan.

Lebih dari 8,5 juta makanan berbuka puasa diperkirakan akan dibagikan kepada jamaah selama Ramadan. Sekitar 2,5 juta botol air Zamzam juga akan dibagikan di masjid selama bulan puasa, yang terkenal dengan ibadah yang https://belajarlahlagi.com/intens.

Selalu Makan Gorengan Tiap Buka Puasa? Waspada 4 Penyakit Ini


Cover CNBC Insight Ramadan, Gorengan Foto: Gorengan/ Edward Ricardo

Daftar Isi

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Makan gorengan saat buka puasa menjadi sebuah kenikmatan tersendiri bagi beberapa orang. Kendati menjadi menu favorit, siapa sangka gorengan menyimpan dampak negatif bagi kesehatan jika terlalu sering dikonsumsi.

Lantas, apa sih bahaya mengonsumsi gorengan saat berbuka puasa? Berikut paparannya.

1. Obesitas

Makanan yang melalui proses penggorengan cenderung mengandung kalori dan lemak yang tinggi. Sebab, makanan yang digoreng akan kehilangan kadar air yang terkandung di dalamnya dan menyerap lemak berlebih. Akibatnya, makanan tersebut akan memiliki kadar lemak yang tinggi.

“Sebagai contoh, 100 gram kentang yang dipanggang akan mengandung 93 kalori dan 0.13 gram lemak, sedangkan pada 100 gram kentang yang digoreng akan mengandung 312 kalori dan 15 gram lemak,” papar dokter spesialis gizi klinik dari Eka Hospital Cibubur, dr. Imelda Goretti melalui keterangannya.

Imelda mengatakan, makanan yang memiliki kalori serta lemak yang tinggi dapat meningkatkan risiko obesitas. Obesitas adalah kondisi ketika lemak yang menumpuk di dalam tubuh sangat banyak. Bila tidak segera ditangani, obesitas bisa meningkatkan risiko penyakit kardiovaskular, hipertensi, hingga diabetes.

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2. Kanker

Penjual gorengan (CNBC Indonesia/Muhammad Sabki)Foto: Penjual gorengan (CNBC Indonesia/Muhammad Sabki)

Imelda mengatakan, makanan yang digoreng berpotensi tinggi menghasilkan zat akrilamida. Akrilamida adalah senyawa berbahaya yang timbul jika makanan digoreng terlalu lama dalam minyak.

“Diketahui, [zat akrilamida] merupakan zat beracun penyebab kanker yang terbentuk dalam makanan selama proses memasak suhu tinggi, seperti menggoreng,” jelas dr. Imelda.

Ia menjelaskan, zat akrilamida adalah reaksi kimia dari gula dan asam amino yang disebut asparagine. Zat ini terbentuk di dalam beberapa makanan, seperti kentang, daging merah, dan makanan bertepung yang diproses dengan suhu tinggi, salah satunya dengan digoreng.

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3. Penyakit Jantung

Gorengan berpengaruh besar pada risiko meningkatnya tekanan darah, obesitas, dan penyumbatan pembuluh darah yang dapat menyebabkan penyakit jantung. Hal ini karena gorengan memiliki kadar lemak jenuh dan lemak trans yang tinggi sehingga bisa berdampak buruk bagi kesehatan jantung.

4. Diabetes Tipe 2

Menurut studi oleh Shenzhen University Health Science Center, mengonsumsi gorengan secara terus-menerus berkaitan erat dengan risiko pengembangan diabetes tipe 2.

Berdasarkan penelitian tersebut, risiko diabetes tipe 2 seseorang yang makan gorengan empat hingga enam kali per minggu dapat meningkat hingga 39 persen. Sementara itu, jika gorengan dimakan lebih dari tujuh kali dalam seminggu, peningkatannya menjadi 55%.

“Penelitian menemukan orang yang sering mengkonsumsi makanan cepat saji memiliki risiko mengalami resistensi insulin dan menyebabkan diabetes tipe 2,” kata dr. Imelda.

Sebagai alternatif, dr. Imelda menyarankan untuk mengonsumsi makanan sehat, seperti kurma, jus buah, dan air mineral sebagai menu berbuka puasa. Selain itu, ia juga mengimbau masyarakat untuk mulai mengubah pola hidup dengan menggunakan metode masak selain goreng, yakni rebus, kukus, atau panggang.

“Makanan yang dipanggang dengan oven pemanggang maupun air fryer bisa menghasilkan makanan dengan nilai kalori serta lemak yang lebih rendah. Penggunaan oven dan air fryer juga dapat mengurangi penggunaan minyakhttps://belajarlahlagi.com/ hingga 70 sampai 80 persen,” jelas dr. Imelda.

Jadwal Imsak & Subuh 12 Maret 2024 Wilayah Jakarta & Sekitarnya


Pengamatan hilal untuk menentukan 1 Ramadhan (AP/Achmad Ibrahim) Foto: Pengamatan hilal untuk menentukan 1 Ramadhan (AP/Achmad Ibrahim)

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Hari ini, 12 Maret 2024 merupakan awal umat muslim Indonesia secara resmi melaksanakan ibadah puasa. Penting untuk mengetahui waktu imsak dan subuh agar tidak terlewat.

Imsak akan berlangsung 10 menit menjelang salat Subuh. Para ulama sepakat bahwa batas waktu sahur adalah munculnya fajar shadiq yang ditandai dengan kumandang azan. Dari Ibnu Umar RA, ia berkata,

“Rasulullah SAW mempunyai dua muazin, yaitu Bilal dan Ibnu Ummi Maktum. Rasulullah SAW bersabda, ‘Sesungguhnya Bilal itu mengumandangkan azan pada waktu malam, maka makan dan minumlah kalian sampai Ibnu Ummi Maktum mengumandangkan azan.’ Beliau bersabda pula, ‘Jarak antara kedua azan itu hanya sekadar turunnya yang pertama dan naiknya yang kedua.'” (HR Muttafaq ‘Alaih)

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Dalam riwayat lain disebutkan, dari Zaid bin Tsabit RA berkata, “Kami makan sahur bersama dengan Rasulullah SAW lalu kami mendirikan salat.”

Ada salah seorang bertanya, “Berapa jarak antara sahur dengan salat itu?” Ia menjawab, “Kira-kira cukup untuk membaca lima puluh ayat.” (HR Bukhari dan Muslim)

Dalam Kitab Syarah Riyadhus Shalihin karya Imam an-Nawawi yang disyarah oleh Mustafa Dib al-Bugha disebutkan, dianjurkan mengakhirkan makan sahur selama tidak dikhawatirkan terbitnya fajar shadiq dan dianjurkan pula menyegerakan berbuka.

Sebab, Imam Bukhari dan Muslim meriwayatkan, “Manusia senantiasa dalam kebaikan selama mereka menyegerakan berbuka.” Imam Ahmad menambahkan, “Dan mengakhirkan sahur.”

Menurut Imam an-Nawawi, mengakhirkan sahur itu lebih menguatkan tubuh untuk beribadah.

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Agar tidak tergesa-gesa saat sahur, umat Islam bisa melihat jadwal imsyak. Waktu imsyak ini bukanlah batas akhir sahur melainkan waktu untuk antisipasi. Umat Islam bisa menggunakan waktu ini untuk menyelesaikan makan sahur dan bersiap untukhttps://belajarlahlagi.com/ salat.

Jarang Diketahui, Sosok Dibalik “Tanda Ramadan Sudah Dekat” di RI


Sirup Marjan. (Dok. Marjan Official) Foto: Sirup Marjan. (Dok. Marjan Official)

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia Salah satu “tanda Ramadan” di RI adalah sirup Marjan. Toko retail hingga kelontong mulai dipenuhi oleh botol Marjan begitu bulan suci umat muslim itu tiba, begitu juga televisi.

Marjan memang selalu identik dengan Ramadan. Lantas, tahukah Anda siapa sosok dibalik sirup ini?

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Keberadaan sirup Marjan tak terlepas dari ‘tangan dingin’ Muhammad Saleh Kurnia. Dia adalah pengusaha Indonesia keturunan Tionghoa yang juga berperan penting dalam pendirian toko ritel modern pertama di Indonesia, yakni Hero. 

Kurnia mendirikan Marjan lewat PT Suba Indah pada 1975. Sama seperti motif pendirian Hero, Kurnia membuat Marjan supaya masyarakat Indonesia tak tergantung barang-barang impor.

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Pasalnya, di tahun itu, orang Indonesia sangat bergantung kepada produk impor barang. Salah satunya adalah sirup.

Meski begitu, Kurnia dalam otobiografi berjudul Perintis Ritel Modern Indonesia: Memoar Pendiri Grup HERO (2003) menceritakan PT Suba Indah awalnya tak memproduksi sirup melainkan susu. Akibat pasar susu sudah banyak di Indonesia, produknya pun tidak berhasil di pasaran.

Beranjak dari sinilah, Kurnia memproduksi sirup Marjan Bouduin yang tak disangka sejak awal rilis disukai banyak orang. Sekalipun kala itu sudah banyak juga produk sirup di pasaran termasuk sirup ABC buatan PT Heinz ABC Indonesia.

Tentu saja kunci penting dalam perkembangan bisnis Marjan adalah Hero. Sebagai supermarket, Hero di tahun dekade 1970 dan 1980-an memang sangat berjaya karena belum banyak pesaing seperti sekarang.

Hero dikenal sebagai perintis supermarket yang buka hari Minggu di Indonesia. Selain itu, dia juga punya banyak cabang di Tanah Air.

Beranjak dari kondisi ini, praktis Kurnia sangat diuntungkan karena dia sudah punya tempat penjualan produksi sirupnya. Inilah yang membuat sirup Marjan menjadi ‘raja’ di Indonesia.

Seiring waktu, Marjan sempat jadi bagian bisnis keluarga Tjokrosaputro. Dalam dunia usaha, Tjokrosaputro merupakan pendiri dari merek batik ternama, yakni Batik Keris.

Namun, sekarang Marjan berada di bawah naungan PT Lasallefood Indonesia yang mengakuisisi bisnis PT Suba Indah pada 2002.  Dalam situs resmi, Lasallefood mengklaim berhasil meningkatkan bisnis hingga 50 kali lipat dalam kurun waktu 18 tahun dan menjadikan Marjan sebagai merek terdepan di pasar https://belajarlahlagi.com/sirup Indonesia. 

4 Orang Tewas Lompat dari Apartemen di Jakut Diduga Kuat Bunuh Diri, Polisi Kantongi CCTV

Liputan6.com, Jakarta – Satu keluarga dilaporkan meningga dunia akibat bunuh diri. Polisi menemukan jasad keempat korban di Lobby Apartemen kawasan Pejagalan, Penjaringan Jakarta Utara pada Sabtu (9/3/2024).

Kapolsek Metro Penjaringan Kompol Agus Ady Wijaya menerangkan, indikasi penyebab kematian korban akibat bunuh diri menguat berdasarkan rekaman CCTV. Polisi telah mengantongi CCTV sebagai barang bukti.

Agus menerangkan, CCTV memperlihatkan posisi keempat korban secara bersama-sama. “Para korban ini datang bersama, naik lift bersama, di lift EA menciumi para korban lain, A mengumpulkan handphone para korban di tasnya, sampai keluar lift bersama,” ujar dia.

Agus mengatakan, CCTV juga menunjukkan keempat korban jatuh dari lantai atas. “Di atas rooftop tidak ada saksi lain atau orang lain. Dan disambung lago CCTV terlihat jatuh bersamaan,” tandas dia.

Sebelumnya, penghuni apartemen digegerkan dengan temuan empat jasad di lobi apartemen. Korban atas nama EA (51), AIL, JWA (13), JL (15). Kapolres Metro Jakarta Utara, Kombes Pol Gidion Arif Setyawan menerangkan, jasad korban pertama kali ditemukan oleh sekuriti apartemen DF yang sedang di depan lobi.

“Awalnya, dia mendengar suara benturan yang keras menoleh ternyata terdapat 4 jenazah yang sudah tergeletak dipelataran parkir dalam posisi terlentang,” ujar dia dalam keterangan tertulis.

Gidion mengatakan, anggota sekuriti apartemen melaporkan kejadian tersebut ke kepolisian. Hasil pemeriksaan, empat orang korban meninggal dunia diduga akibat bunuh diri lompat dari Lantai 22. “Untuk penyebab bunuh diri tersebut belumhttps://belajarlahlagi.com/ diketahui,” ucap dia.